FRED 82 - Proposed amendments to FRS 102
The FRC has recently published its long-awaited exposure draft, FRED 82, proposing significant changes to FRS 102 and other financial reporting standards as a result of its periodic review.
The changes are extensive and seek to align FRS 102 more closely with IFRS, with a number of simplifications.
Principal changes to FRS 102
A new model for revenue recognition is proposed. This model is based on the five step model for revenue recognition in IFRS 15 with a small number of simplifications. Revenue will largely be recognised based on promises included in contracts with customers and whether these are satisfied over time or at a point in time.
A new on-balance sheet leasing model is proposed. This model is based on the IFRS 16 leasing requirements with a small number of simplifications. Lessees with significant operating leases will be most affected by the amendments, as most leased assets and lease liabilities will come onto the balance sheet. Exceptions are available for leases of low value assets and for short-term leases (those with a lease term of 12 months or less at the commencement date).
Other changes to FRS 102
Following Brexit, the FRC now has more flexibility surrounding disclosure requirements for small companies. Amendments are therefore proposed to make what are currently encouraged disclosures in Appendix E to Section 1A mandatory.
A revised Section 2 Concepts and Pervasive Principles is proposed based on the IASB’s updated Conceptual Framework. The framework was updated in 2018 and the FRC considers that similar updates are necessary to FRS 102.
A new Section 2A Fair Value Measurement is proposed to replace the current guidance in the Appendix to Section 2. The new section is based on the requirements of IFRS 13 Fair Value Measurement.
The option to newly apply the recognition and measurement requirements of IAS 39 is proposed to be removed, although the option will remain for those already opting to apply IAS 39. It is anticipated that the option will be removed entirely in later amendments, though these are some years away.
There are also a lot of other minor changes to other sections of the standard.
What’s not changing in FRS 102
Despite suggestions that the expected credit loss model from IFRS 9 might make its way into FRS 102, this is not proposed at this time. The FRC intends to reconsider this in due course, taking account of the IFRS for SMEs standard when finalised.
Changes to FRS 105
The most significant change to FRS 105 is the proposal to introduce the five step model for revenue recognition, which, like the proposed amendments to FRS 102, is based on that of IFRS 15.
Changes are also proposed to Section 2 Concepts and Pervasive Principles to align with the updated IASB’s conceptual framework.
Whilst there are a number of other minor changes proposed to FRS 105, no significant changes are proposed to the current accounting for leases.
The consultation on the proposed changes will run until 30 April 2023. The FRC will then consider the feedback it receives with a view to publishing final amendments towards the end of 2023.
The finalised amendments are due to come into effect for periods commencing on or after 1 January 2025, with early adoption permitted as long as all amendments are applied at the same time.
How we can help
Once the amendments are finalised, our disclosure checklists and example accounts will be updated to reflect the changes.
We can also help by answering technical queries about changes to the standards.